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Get Answer on Common Questions on IVF from Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour


Q. What is infertility? When should couples go for IVF?

There are many causes of infertility are due to female and male factors. 
Female factors which can be benefited by IVF are:

  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Endometriosis
  • PCOS (Polycystic ovarian syndrome)
  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Females over age of 40
  • Male factors which can be benefited by IVF:
  • Reduced sperm motility
  • Decreased sperm count
  • Abnormal sperm structure
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Retrograde ejaculation

Q. What is IVF?

The full form of IVF is In Vitro Fertilization which means the fertilization is carried outside the body. Insemination which means meeting of sperm and the egg is done in a petri dish of a laboratory. For this procedure, eggs from the female are retrieved and at the same time sperms from the male partner are collected. After fertilization of the egg and sperm, the embryo is formed which is transferred in the womb of the female. Read More…

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Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour Views on Collodion Baby

Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour, Gynaecologist and IVF Specialist, SCI Healthcare shares her views on what is a collodion baby and what are the complications such babies face during this condition and how one can take care of them-

Collodion Baby -This is a rare condition in which a baby’s skin is covered by a yellowish tight shiny plastic sheath like membrane at birth (in laymen terms – a sausage skin or dried colloidon)

In approx 50% of cases it is due to genetic inheritance of a skin disease icthyosis. It is extremely rare condition with an incidence of approx 1 in 300,000

These babies are usually born premature and the diagnosis is extremely difficult before birth and in almost all cases has been made after birth. The characteristic skin appearance makes the diagnosis apparent and in some cases where the signs are subtle a biopsy of the skin is required.

Genetic counseling is mandatory for parents who have given birth to a colloidon baby.

This has been well described by Lopez in the Journa…

Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour, Gynaecologist and Infertility Specialist, SCI Healthcare shares her views on what happens when a pregnant woman’s water bursts

During pregnancy, the baby is surrounded by water in the womb which is known as amniotic fluid.

It is enclosed in a membranous layer known as amniotic membrane which acts as a barrier. This fluid is very important for the protection of the baby as it acts as a shock absorber and maintains an even temperature. The amount is around 600 ml at term pregnancy.

“Water bursts” means breaking of this membrane and leaking of the fluid which happens prior to or at the onset of labour. It may also occur early in pregnancy which is abnormal and medical attention should be immediately sought. The membranes can rupture spontaneously at term by themselves or can be ruptured artificially by the doctor.
It is colourless during early pregnancy but towards term it becomes pale straw coloured. It is odourless and the feel is just like water. The colour may be green due to meconium (baby’s faeces) which implies that the baby is in distress which is an alarming sign. At times, one is confused whether the le…